He served briefly as chief of the Parry Island Band in the 1920s, and as councillor from 1933 to 1936. He is reticent, however, and his real attitude + ideas cannot be clearly elicited on any of these doubtful points.” He is said to have expressed “delusions of personal power + influence” in a letter written to a lady in Yorkshire. With two British divisions, the Canadian Corps attacked and took the village, holding it for five days, until reinforcements arrived. He also guided the relief to its proper place after it had become mixed up. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. He says that he was held as ‘suspect’ as a mental case, from Nov. 11th 1918, until Jan. 10th 1919. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers." Roman Catholic. Mostly, he sees his father as a peaceful man: "He was always saying how we have to live in harmony with all living things in this world." March 24, 2015 NAUGHTON, Ontario – Roger Chum, President of the Ontario Native Education Counselling Association (ONECA), is asking Canadians to help honour Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of the Great War. Among the names spoken were those of my uncles, Joe, Alfred and Willis as well as Isaac Rice and Francis Pegahmagabow. Twice he was critically wounded and was awarded the military medal three times. At times, his memory is absolute blank and others normal.” He complains of a cough, pain in his head, and that his eyes are failing him. Pegahmagabow’s life story is a stark reminder of how the Canadian government long shrugged off treaty obligations, basic needs of First Nations and … You do not need to be a client of VAC to receive services. He recovered and made it back in time to return with his unit to Belgium. Alvin York, celebrated American hero of World War I, immortalized by the film version of his life story, Sergeant York (1941). Francis Pegahmagabow (1891-1952) was born on March 9, 1891, an Ojibwa of the Wasauksing First Nation of Parry Island, Ontario.He was orphaned at any early age and brought up by his First Nations community. Soldiers who had been awarded the Military Medal and later performed similar heroic acts could receive bars to it, denoting further awards. "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." Was wounded four times, but only once received treatment. He died in Parry Sound in 1952. Four months later, he found himself in the trenches where he became a scout, messenger and a sniper of unequalled skill. No hallucinations traced. (Page 19), March 19, 1919 – A “Medical History of an Invalid” form indicates that he has “suspected dementia” and is suffering from depression and partial loss of mental function. When spoken to he threatened to repeat it.” Later notes indicate that he is behaving quietly but “[has] some rather distorted ideas, if not actual delusions. Previously, he had worked along the Great Lakes as a marine fireman for the Department of Marine and Fisheries. The “Best” Sniper From The Great War – Francis Pegahmagabow. (Page 82). Then in September 1916, during the Battle of the Somme, he was wounded in the left leg by a bullet. In case of his death, authorities are to notify Indian Superintendent D.F. It was sometime later, during the early 1960s, that I had first heard anything about Francis’ World War I accomplishments, and it was from William “Bill” Wheatley. The commendation reads: “For continuous service as a messenger from February 14th 1915 to February 1916. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught. He served as Chief of the Parry Island Band (Wasauksing First Nation), band councillor, and as Supreme Chief of the Native Independent Government. Appears to be suspicious of everyone. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. The 1st Battalion experienced heavy action almost as soon as it arrived on the battlefield. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow was also awarded the 1914-1915 Star, the British War Medal, and the Victory Medal. One vaccination mark left arm. Among other high points, he was renowned for his talents as an effective sniper. He carried messages with great bravery and success during the whole of the actions at Ypres, Festubert and Givenchy. ONECA is an executive member of the Francis Pegahmagabow Commemoration 2016 Committee, formed to create and install a life-sized bronze sculpture honouring Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of WW I. Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwa warrior who fought with the Canadians in battles like those at Mount Sorrel, Passchendaele and The Scarpe, is credited with 378 kills as a sniper. Section 7: “He is much improved. He still maintains that he was the object of persecution on the part of the C.S.M…. Fueled by pride in his Great War accomplishments, and changed in ways that only returning veterans could understand, Pegahmagabow persistently rebelled against barriers and racism, agitating for change. FIRST BRONZE STATUE FOR FRANCIS PEGAHMAGABOW, WW I HERO. Francis Pegahmagabow. (Page 4), November 9, 1934 – His Record of Service indicates that he was made a lance-corporal in August 1915, reverted to the rank of private at his own request in September 1916, and was promoted to corporal in November 1917. Francis Pegahmagabow, an Ojibwa from the Parry Island Reserve near Parry Sound survived the whole war and won the prestigious Military Medal for gallantry three times. A musical journey into the life of the renowned Ojibwe WWI sniper and decorated officer of the Canadian military, Francis Pegahmagabow. A musical journey into the life of the renowned Ojibwe WWI sniper and decorated officer of the Canadian military, Francis Pegahmagabow. Before and after the attack he kept in touch with the flanks, advising the units he had seen, this information proving the success of the attack and saving valuable time in consolidating. The Allies suffered 16,000 casualties at Passchendaele, and Corporal Pegahmagabow earned his first bar to the Military Medal. Very quickly, Pegahmagabow’s exceptional abilities as a scout and sniper were recognized. The commendation reads: "During the operations of August 30, 1918, at Orix Trench, near Upton Wood, when his company were almost out of ammunition and in danger of being surrounded, this NCO went over the top under heavy MG [machine gun] and rifle fire and brought back sufficient ammunition to enable the post to carry on and assist in repulsing heavy enemy counter-attacks.". "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." Four months later, he found himself in the trenches where he became a scout, messenger and a sniper of unequalled skill. During the First World War, Francis was awarded the Military Medal and earned two bars. Gives clear connected narrative in intelligent manner. After several months of training, the battalion arrived in France in February 1915. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. Within weeks of volunteering, he became one of the original members of the 1st Canadian Infantry Battalion that, along with the rest of the 20,000-strong 1st Canadian Division, landed in France in February 1915. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers." ... story (or stories) of Francis Pegahmagabow’s life. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow MM and two bars, was an Indigineous Canadian soldier, and the most accomplished sniper of the Great War. Here, roughly 20,000 Allied soldiers crawled from shell crater to shell crater, through water and mud. Production of an educational video about Pegahmagabow, and aboriginal … I am nothing short of amazed at his accomplishments (so I intend to work on this article as much as I can), but I have a hard time accepting that he was the single most effective sniper of WWI. Corporal Francis Pegahmagabow War Accomplishments. Very slight degree of retardation present….” He also complains of pain from a hernia. Says CSM was against him + this made him depressed! His citation reads: At Passchendaele Nov. 6th/7th, 1917, this NCO [non-commissioned officer] did excellent work. Indigenous constructs of bravery and honor, and what it means to be a leader and warrior, provide valuable My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders … MacDonald of Parry Sound and Miss C. J. Holland of Owen Sound, Ontario. Duncan also remembers that Pegahmagabow "felt very strongly about his country." Says the CSM often appeared to be under the influence of drink, that he did not know his duties or his place, that the other NCOs made similar complaints against the CSM…. In November 1917, the 1st Battalion joined the assault near the village of Passchendaele. Chomut said he believes that the award stems from accomplishments including the Wake the Giant movement, and one of his music classes writing a … He was also awarded a 1914–15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. Native military accomplishments in this country are broad and far-reaching. Memory good. Sniping was the specialty of the man his fellow soldiers called "Peggy." Shortly after, he developed pneumonia and was hospitalized in England. His judgement appears good, and there is no evidence of there being any mental disease, at present time.” He recommends Pegahmagabow be discharged to civil life. He joined the 1st Infantry Battalion and left for England on October 3, 1914. His achievements as a soldier have been widely acclaimed and included in two publications Forgotten Soldiers (Canadian War Museum) and Native Soldiers Foreign Wars (Dept. His discharge certificate indicates that he received the Military Medal with two added bars. Noted to be the most effective and deadly sniper in the First World War, he is credited with killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more, using the much-maligned Ross rifle. But those in the tight-knight Indigenous communities where he lived have always remembered him for so much more than his astonishing accomplishments during the war. Tisdall forwards the contents of a neurological report on Pegahmagabow to the Officer Commanding at the College Military Hospital in Toronto: “This N.C.O. (Page 4), December 1917 – On December 19 at No. Had bleeding from ears + more at that time but was sent back into line the following day.” The notes indicate that he did not get on well with the “Coy S.M.” (Company Sergeant Major). Francis Pegahmagabow has been listed as one of the Warfare good articles under the good article criteria. He also has bloody sputum due to severe gas in the trenches. Among the most highly decorated soldier in Canadian military history, Francis Pegahmagabow was an expert marksman and scout. He “talks rationally” but has frequent headaches and “seems to have full consciousness of surroundings during sleep. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. Is very desirous of returning to his own people.” However, specialists report “no evidence of mental disease or organic nervous disease. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier, Quebec, on September 15, 1914. Home Address: Parry Island, Parry Sound, Ontario, Branch of Service: Canadian Expeditionary Force, September 26, 1916 – Pegahmagabow receives a gunshot wound in the left leg. It would seem his actions are quite normal to one of his race and tribe.” (Page 31), May 2, 1919 – Captain F.F. When he’d fought for King and country he’d been treated as an equal, but once the war was over, he faced the same discrimination and … Pegahmagabow returned to Canada at the end of the war, becoming one of the most highly decorated First Nations soldiers for bravery and the most effective sniper of the First World War. It is difficult to overstate CSM Pegahmagabow’s accomplishments. Bright and responsive, works well in the ward + has good insight into the nature of his recent mental depression. Francis Pegahmagabow The exploits and accomplishments of World War I sniper Francis Pegahmagabow read like something out of a comic book or summer blockbuster movie. (Page 6), May 13, 1919 – He is discharged due to demobilization. (Pages 34-35), November 11, 1918 – He is admitted to the hospital ship, November 11, 1918 – Notes on a medical case sheet indicate that he “[h]as only a moderate degree of insight. (Pages 36-37), November 17, 1918 – His disabilities are “Exhaustion Psychosis” and “Left Inguinal Hernia”. (Page 96), Various dates – He has no next of kin. Date of Birth: March 9, 1891 (Shawanaga, Parry Island, Ontario), Date of Attestation: September 15, 1914 (Valcartier, Quebec). states that he is feeling fine, and has no complaints at all. While serving in the 82nd Past authors have portrayed Pegahmagabow alternatively as a warrior, a veteran, and/ 3 In addition, Pegahmagabow developed a reputation as a superior scout. It is difficult to overstate CSM Pegahmagabow’s accomplishments. Pegahmagabow would earn his second bar to the Military Medal during the final months of the First World War in the Battle of the Scarpe (part of the 2nd Battle of Arras). He was awarded the Military Medal for his actions during the Second Battle of Passchendaele. By December 29 his condition is slightly improved. Maj. and the Captain were down on him, and that the senior N.C.O. "My mother [Eva] told me he used to go behind enemy lines, rub shoulders with the enemy forces and never get caught." ... Much is known of his military and post-war life, many having written of his accomplishments on the battlefield, his political activism, and most recently his enduring commitment to his people, culture and language. A blacksmith from Cumberland Hill, Tenn., York was denied status as a conscientious objector and was drafted into the army during World War I. When war broke out in 1914, Pegahmagabow, then a 24-year-old orphaned member of the Wasauksing First Nation, joined the Army to do his part to defend Canada. ordered him to change his post without it being in written orders….” The captain later writes: “There is no evidence, at the present time, of any delusions of persecution, and he has no hallucinations. But despite his accomplishments on the battlefield, the war hadn’t changed much about the way Pegahmagabow was treated back home. (Page 76), January 14, 1918 – At Queen Mary’s Hospital for the East End, Stratford, he reports that he has been experiencing chest pain since the previous summer. Francis Pegahmagabow - Hero of the Great War June 21, 2016 Sculptor: Tyler Fauvelle Plaque: Chief Francis Pegahmagabow c. 1889 - 1952 Francis Pegahmagabow, a superior scout and sniper during the First World War, served overseas with the Canadian Expeditionary Force. (Page 41), October 3, 1915 – He sails from Quebec to England on the SS, December 13, 1917 – A note indicates that he was promoted to Corporal in the field on November 1, 1917. 22 Casualty Clearing Station he is listed as dangerously ill with pneumonia. November 10, 2014 PARRY SOUND, Ontario – Roger Chum, Chair of Francis Pegahmagabow Commemoration 2016, announces that a life-sized bronze sculpture commemorating Francis Pegahmagabow, the most highly-decorated First Nations soldier of WW I, will be installed in Parry Sound, Ontario, in June 2016. Francis Pegahmagabow was one of the most highly decorated Indigenous soldiers of the First World War. (Page 16), May 15, 1950 – A letter written to the War Records Office of the Department of National Defense in Ottawa by the district supervisor of Casualty Welfare at Toronto’s Sunnybrook Hospital reads: “The a/m veteran who has been a patient at this hospital since 24th April 1950 claims that he was never supplied with a Service button for his service during the first World War…. Francis Pegahmagabow is perhaps the best known Indigenous (Anishnaabe) soldier of the First World War. He enlisted with the Canadian Expeditionary Force at Valcartier, Quebec, on September 15, 1914. Description: Dark complexion, dark brown eyes, black hair. Francis Pegahmagabow, who was from Shawanaga First Nation reserve, was a soldier of the Second World War. It has been written of him, "His iron nerves, patience and superb marksmanship helped make him an outstanding sniper." (Page 25), September to November 1918 – A lengthy note on a medical case sheet relates Pagahmagabow’s own description of his experience in the war: “Was wounded in leg at the Somme 1916. The service is for Veterans, former RCMP members, their families, and caregivers and is provided at no cost. Cpl. Remembrance Dog Tags: Fallen Indigenous Service Members. He gives as his reason for this that Sgt. Duncan also remembers that Pegahmagabow "felt very strongly about his country." A simple and secure way to do business online with Veterans Affairs Canada. An Ojibwa from the Perry Island Band in Ontario, he was awarded the Military Medal plus two bars for acts of bravery in Belgium and France. His accomplishments as the most decorated Canadian Aboriginal soldier for bravery, and the most prolific sniper in North American military history, are noteworthy. However, his son Duncan recalls being told that his father was responsible for capturing 300 enemy soldiers. -Francis Pegahmagabow was the First Nations soldier most highly decorated for bravery in Canadian military history and the most effective sniper of World War I. Nathan S. One of TFB’s resident Jarheads, Nathan now works within the firearms industry. Francis Pegahmagabow rarely spoke of his military accomplishments. “Man states was buried three times and blown up once. Three times awarded the Military Medal and seriously wounded, he was an expert marksman and scout, credited with killing 378 Germans and capturing 300 more. Following his convalescence he was promoted to corporal and went to Belgium with his battalion. This veteran has asked that I write you concerning the possibility of being supplied with his Service button.” (Page 10), June 6, 1950 – He receives in the mail, from the War Service Records office in Ottawa, his Class “A” War Service badge for “[his] service during the Great War 1914-1918.” (Page 101), November 25, 1976 – In addition to the Military Medal, he also received the 1914-15 Star, the British War Medal and the Victory Medal. It fought at Ypres, where the enemy introduced a new deadly weapon, poison gas, and on the Somme, where Pegahmagabow was shot in the leg. It was during his first year on the Western Front that he became one of the first Canadians to be awarded the Military Medal. ONECA leads a committee dedicated to creating the first life-sized bronze sculpture honouring the legendary war hero from Wasauksing First […] In April 1919, Pegahmagabow invalided to Canada, having served for nearly the entire war. 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