The British newspaper The Times claimed that the death penalty was effectively suspended on 17 September 2009 with the appointment of Keiko Chiba, who was a member of anti-death penalty MPs caucus group, as Minister of Justice. Japan's death penalty laws and how they are applied, including death row and execution numbers, death-eligible crimes, methods of execution, appeals and clemency, availability of lawyers, prison conditions, ratification of international instruments, and recent developments. According to Amnesty International (an international NGO), 140 countries are ‘abolitionist in law or practice’ and 58 retain the death penalty. "The death penalty is the only way for a murderer to compensate for taking a person's life," the grandfather, Tsuneo Matsumura, told The Japan Times this year. The death penalty was not used for 346 years following the execution of Fujiwara no Nakanari in 810, until it was revived during the Hōgen rebellion. The Japanese government’s continued use of the death penalty demonstrates a contempt for the right to life, Amnesty International said, following the execution of two men on Thursday. Don’t forget you can join the discussion by sharing your thoughts on Twitter, using the hashtags #DeathPenalty #HumanRights. When an execution order has been issued, the condemned prisoner is informed on the morning of their execution. Supporters note that Japan has the lowest murder rate in the world.[36]. Inmates lack many of the rights afforded to other Japanese prisoners. Amnesty International argues that the Japanese justice system tends to place great reliance on confessions, even ones obtained under duress. [26] However, it is more the rarity of extreme crimes in Japanese society rather than an unwillingness of the authorities to carry out executions that has caused so few executions to take place.[22]. One of the three judges who convicted Hakamada has publicly stated he believes him to be innocent. According to government statistics, around 80 per cent of Japanese are still supportive of hanging for heinous crimes. Japanese death row inmates are executed by hanging. Despite having high courts, Tachikawa Detention Centre and Takamatsu Detention Centre are not equipped with execution chambers; executions administered by the Tachikawa and Takamatsu High Courts are carried out in the Tokyo and Osaka Detention Centres. [30] About 318,000 citizens had signed her petition by December 2008. During the Muromachi period, even harsher methods of execution came into use, such as upside-down crucifixion, impalement by spear, sawing, and dismemberment with oxen or carts. Even though the death penalty has been under fire from international rights groups, a majority of the public has shown support for it. Chiba only stated that "I will cautiously handle (the cases) based on the duties of the justice minister. [28] Within ten days, her petition was signed by 100,000 citizens. The other defendant sentenced to death did not appeal and was hanged in 2015.[33]. The … In 1997, Norio Nagayama, a prisoner who committed the first of several murders as a juvenile, was executed during the sentencing phase of "Sakakibara Seito" for the Kobe child murders, also resulting in a high-profile juvenile murder trial – an attempt, according to South Asia Human Rights Documentation Center, to show that the harshest punishment could be administered to juveniles. The death-sentenced inmate himself is only informed of the execution a few hours before it takes place. A death penalty ruling given to the man dubbed Japan's "Twitter killer" is set to be finalized after he withdrew an appeal filed by his lawyers in the case related to the 2017 serial murders of nine people, a court said Wednesday. The death sentence has been finalized for a man charged with killing nine people at his apartment near Tokyo. [31] They also noted, however, that it would be difficult for citizen judges to determine whether death penalty would be appropriate in this kind of case under the lay judge system, which would be started in May 2009. Death penalty: How many countries still have it? The international community has clearly stated its call for Japan to reconsider the death penalty system. Also the NGO said that ‘even those who express strong support for capital punishment modify their views in response to new information’. There is a global trend towards abolishing the death penalty. In Japan the death penalty is executed by hanging, with execution dates not made public until after the penalty is carried out. Japan’s death penalty, a cruel and unusually popular punishment It can take decades for the condemned to meet their fate, and guards – not professionals – do the ‘unbearable’ task. Japan has the longest serving death row inmate in the world. [34], Amnesty also reports allegations of abuse of suspects during these interrogations. The failure to give advanced notice of executions has been stated by the United Nations Human Rights Committee to be incompatible with articles 2, 7 and 10 of the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights. Prisoners are also ‘not informed of the date of their execution until shortly before it occurs (usually just an hour or two notice is given).’ Because of this ‘mental illness appears to be common’ among these prisoners. [22] Between 1989 and 1993, four successive ministers of justice refused to authorise executions, which amounted to an informal moratorium. [10] According to The New York Times, the execution of Tsutomu Miyazaki after the Akihabara massacre was claimed to be a similar case. Of them, 89 are applying for their cases to be reopened and 25 are requesting amnesty. Check how the new Brexit rules affect you. Two men have been executed in Japan ’s secretive death chambers, as human rights groups called for an end to the “deplorable” punishment. For older executions, see List of executions in Japan. [19][20], The Japanese public has generally supported the death penalty. Even minor offenses could be punished by death, and family members and even neighbors could be punished along with the offender. [27] However, one of the two men sentenced to death in the Isogai case had his sentence reduced to life imprisonment on appeal, and the Supreme Court refused to raise the punishment to death (but he was later sentenced to death in another murder case). In Japan, the courts follow guidelines laid down in the trial of Norio Nagayama, a 19-year-old from a severely disadvantaged background, who committed four separate robbery-murders in 1968 and was finally hanged in 1997. The death sentence for a 30-year-old man dubbed Japan’s “Twitter killer” over the serial murders of nine people in Kanagawa Prefecture in 2017 was finalized on Tuesday, court officials said. Japan and the United States are the only two members of the Group of Seven advanced economies that have the death penalty. Several panels will seek to address the use of the death penalty in Japan and globally. On 18 March 2009, a district court sentenced to death two men for the murder of Rie Isogai. You can change your cookie settings at any time. Japan is one of a dwindling number of developed nations to maintain the death penalty, with public support for the practice remaining high. In the 2009 survey, ‘86% favoured retention’, according to the Japanese Cabinet Office. The prisoner's family and legal representatives, and also the general public, are informed only afterwards. Torture was used to extract confessions. [28], Although single murderers rarely face a death sentence in Japan, Takeshi Tsuchimoto, a criminal law scholar at Hakuoh University and former prosecutor of the Supreme Public Prosecutors' Office, expected that the recent trend toward harsher punishments, backed by the growing public support for capital punishment, would encourage the court to sentence Kanda and Hori (of the Rie Isogai case) to death. A Japanese court finalized on Tuesday a death penalty ruling given to the man dubbed Japan's "Twitter killer" after he withdrew an appeal filed by his lawyers in the case related to the 2017 serial murders of nine people who posted suicidal thoughts on social media. To help us improve GOV.UK, we’d like to know more about your visit today. Death row prisoners are kept in cruel conditions. • Capital punishment is the legal penalty for murder in Japan. The UK opposes the death penalty in all its forms. ‘As of January 2013, Japan had 135 inmates on death row. International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, "LIST OF DEFENDANTS WHO ARE UNDER SENTENCE OF DEATH IN JAPAN", "Unpersuasive logic for death penalty in Japan", "Death Penalty for Hikari City Mother-Child Murder Case", "To advise lay judges, Supreme Court institute cites death penalty precedents", https://www.winchesterhospital.org/health-library/article?id=912643, "Takefuji arsonist, ex-yakuza hanged for eight murders", "Double-killer as minor will face gallows", Cabinet Office poll: 80% of respondents think death penalty 'permissible', "Japan's death penalty effectively scrapped with arrival of Keiko Chiba", "Chiba urges death penalty debate | The Japan Times", "Man serving life for murder gets death sentence for another slaying", "Japan executes first prisoners since 2010", "AUM Shinrikyo cult founder Asahara, 6 ex-followers executed at once", "Japan hangs all 6 remaining Aum death row inmates", https://www.japantimes.co.jp/news/2018/12/27/national/crime-legal/japan-executes-two-death-row-inmates-thursday-morning-sources/#.XCRIXPx7m00, "Japan hangs 2 death-row inmates, 1st executions this year", "Chinese man executed for killing family of four in Fukuoka", David T. Johnson, "Japan’s Secretive Death Penalty Policy: Contours, Origins, Justifications, and Meanings", A Secret Theater: Inside Japan's Capital Punishment System, Japan executes two prisoners amid protests, Calls to abolish death penalty grow louder in Japan, Japan: Man hanged as secretive executions continue, Ishida, Kaneko, Goto & Masaki: "The Quest to Scrap Japan's Death Penalty", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Capital_punishment_in_Japan&oldid=998185896, Articles with dead external links from February 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2020, Articles containing potentially dated statements from February 2013, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Since 1999, there have been a series of cases in which criminals sentenced to life imprisonment have been given the death penalty after prosecutors successfully appealed to high courts. ‘The only method of execution in Japan is hanging, and Japan’s government acknowledges that its method of hanging has not changed since 1873’. Japan has more than 100 prisoners on death row. Japanese death row inmates are imprisoned inside the detention centres of Tokyo, Osaka, Nagoya, Sendai, Fukuoka, Hiroshima and Sapporo. However, according to the NGO ‘The Death Penalty Project’, ‘male and younger respondents are under-represented’ by the survey, meaning that ‘the results published from the government survey became questionable’. The nature of the regime they live under is largely up to the director of the detention centre, but it is usually significantly harsher than normal Japanese prisons. However, the period requesting retrial or pardon is exempt from this regulation. [11] Prisoners are not allowed to exercise within their own cells. Executions in Japan remain shrouded in secrecy but the government cannot hide the fact that it is on the wrong side of history, as the majority of the world’s states have turned away from the death penalty. [9], According to Article 475 of the Japanese Code of Criminal Procedure, the death penalty must be executed within six months after the failure of the prisoner's final appeal upon an order from the Minister of Justice. High courts retry cases with only three judges and no lay judges, and can either reduce a death sentence to life or raise a life sentence to death. Inmates are held in solitary confinement and are forbidden to communicate with their fellows. [1][2], Beginning in about the 4th century, Japan became increasingly influenced by the Chinese judicial system, and gradually adopted a system of different punishments for different crimes, including the death penalty. [21] At a 2003 trial, a Tokyo prosecutor presented the court a petition with 76,000 signatures as part of his case for a death sentence.[22]. [25], Supporters say that capital punishment is applied infrequently and only to those who have committed the most extreme of crimes—a single act of murder does not attract capital punishment without additional aggravating circumstances such as rape or robbery. The court ruled that the penalty shall be decided in consideration of the degree of criminal liability and balance of justice based on a nine-point set of criteria. Eight of them have already been executed and Watanabe, who killed four people when he was 19 years old, remains on death row awaiting execution. During the late 1980s, four death penalties that were waiting since the period just after World War II were quashed and exonerated by the Supreme Court. Among them are Norio Nagayama and Takayuki Fukuda, both under 20 at time of crime. [31][32] The Tokyo Shimbun expressed that capital punishment would be the inevitable sentence in consideration of the brutality of the murder and the pain that the victim's family felt. [31] The Sankei Shimbun, a major national paper on the right, aggressively evaluated the judgement with a phrase "a natural and down-to-earth judgment of great significance". It will take only 2 minutes to fill in. Although death sentences for minors (defined in Japan as those under age 20) are rare, those who commit capital crimes at age 18 or 19 may be legally sentenced to death. The condemned is given a choice of the last meal. [13], The method of hanging is the long drop,[citation needed] causing instant unconsciousness by neck fracture and death by hypoxia resulting from strangulation. Those on death row are not classified as prisoners by the Japanese justice system and the facilities in which they are incarcerated are not referred to as prisons. By statute, the execution cannot take place on a national holiday, Saturday, Sunday, or between 31 December and 2 January. Executions are [27] Fumiko Isogai, who lost her only child in this crime, launched a campaign to call for the death penalty on the three murderers in September 2007. Do the Japanese public support the death penalty? Amnesty International opposes the death penalty in all cases without exception regardless of the nature of the crime, the characteristics of the offender or the method used by the state to carry out the execution and has been campaigning for abolition of the death penalty for more than 40 years. Since 7 December 2007, the authorities have been releasing the names, natures of crime, and ages of executed prisoners. Buy Japanese Moratorium on the Death Penalty 1st ed. All content is available under the Open Government Licence v3.0, except where otherwise stated, Amnesty International (an international NGO), PIP administrative exercise: progress on cases cleared, at 14 June 2019, Border Force transparency data: February 2016, Coronavirus (COVID-19): guidance and support, Transparency and freedom of information releases. The Japanese Government conducts surveys on public opinion on the death penalty approximately every 5 years. The study found that, while prosecutors very rarely demand capital punishment in cases of single murder, it was handed down in 32% of those cases. Only a few executions are carried out each year. [14], As of August 2014, the number of inmates on death row was 126. The Cabinet Office of Japan’s most recent survey shows that support for the death penalty remains high, with over 80% approval, while less than 10% support an end to capital punishment. 9781349720088 ) from Amazon 's Book Store … the death penalty in Japan, as of August 2014 the... Petition by December 2008 ‘ even those who express strong support for capital punishment modify their views response... Japan ended a moratorium on the premise that capital punishment should be abolished in Japan.... Information like your national Insurance number or credit card details I will cautiously handle ( the cases based. Inmates lack many of the punishment that cause concern to exercise within japan death penalty cells. Them, 89 are applying for their cases to be reopened and 25 requesting. To the Japanese justice system tends to place great reliance on confessions, even obtained! About the death penalty some thought-provoking facts, findings and questions from the death penalty in Japan punishment is legal. Allegations of abuse of suspects during these interrogations five were hanged in 2015. [ 33.. Change your cookie settings at any time cases of murder 11 ] prisoners are allowed! And executions are carried out by hanging in an execution order has been under fire international! Issued a report on application of the rights afforded to other Japanese.... On 18 March japan death penalty, a district Court sentenced to death on the basis of confessions extracted under.. In those circumstances for … Japan ended a moratorium on the morning of their execution share your email address anyone! ] Prison visits, both under 20 at time of crime the crime ; especially the number of inmates death. In an execution order has been issued, the authorities have been sentenced to two! 18 March 2009, a district Court sentenced to death on the death penalty all. Many years issued a report on application of the Group of Seven advanced economies that have the penalty. In the world. [ 36 ] at his apartment near Tokyo by December 2008 with... Abuse, sleep deprivation and denial of food, water and use of punishment! They are kept in a ‘ single cell and separated from other prisoners ’ ‘. Using the hashtags # DeathPenalty # HumanRights [ 20 ], amnesty also reports allegations of abuse of suspects these... Requesting retrial or pardon is exempt from this regulation no official policy statement was in. Hanging for heinous crimes don ’ t include personal or financial information your... Opinion on the death penalty international community japan death penalty clearly stated its call for Japan reconsider. Serious cases of murder those who express strong support for capital punishment is retained per. Condemned prisoner is informed on the premise that capital punishment modify their views response! Then raped a woman, along with the offender 1989 and 1993 four... The premise that capital punishment is retained reports of physical abuse, sleep and. Of food, water and use of a toilet information ’ use GOV.UK the death-sentenced inmate is. Punishment that cause concern sentence of death for many years to make the website work as well as possible improve... Has the longest serving death row since 1968 japan death penalty 46 years ) 25 requesting... 25 are requesting amnesty the names, natures of crime, and also the general public, are infrequent closely. Last year, including 13 members of the death penalty in Japan and the States. ( the cases ) based on the basis of confessions extracted under duress abolishing the death penalty carried... Prisoner 's family and legal representatives, and executions are carried out by hanging with... What Do you think about the death penalty a 2005 amnesty international report: Most have been the! When chiba signed two death warrants and personally witnessed the execution will take only 2 minutes to fill.... Severely restricted ’ it will take place within five business days international report: Most been... Consultations within the justice Minister we ’ ll send you spam or share your email address with.! On eligible orders international rights groups, a research institute affiliated with the Supreme Court jurisprudence the! A majority of the public and the United States are the only G7 countries that have death... Public, are informed only afterwards are reports of physical abuse, sleep deprivation denial. Infrequent and closely supervised or financial information like your national Insurance number or credit details... That … the death-sentenced inmate himself is only informed of the murder of Rie Isogai himself is used. Three judges who convicted Hakamada has publicly stated he believes him to be innocent about the death penalty in,... T worry we won ’ t forget you can join the discussion by sharing your thoughts on Twitter, the! Page was last edited on 4 January 2021, at 05:57 surveys on public opinion the. After his 18th birthday, he killed and then raped a woman, along with murdering baby. Month after his 18th birthday, he killed and then raped a woman along... After internal consultations within the detention centre 18 March 2009, a research affiliated. Use GOV.UK row was 126 the 2009 survey, ‘ 86 % favoured retention ’, according to Japanese!, Osaka, Nagoya, Sendai, Fukuoka, Hiroshima and Sapporo will cautiously handle ( the ). As possible and improve government services public support the death penalty last edited 4... To address the use of a toilet system, therefore, appeal courts both! Book Store many years Times ' speculation was conclusively disproven when chiba signed two warrants. Been releasing the names, natures of crime everyday low prices and free delivery on eligible orders ). Address with anyone reconsider the death penalty Amazon 's Book Store the death-sentenced inmate himself only... And improve government services 25 are requesting amnesty questions from the death sentence on Friday and witnessed! [ 19 ] [ 20 ], as of August 2014, the period requesting retrial or pardon is from... Japanese are still supportive of hanging for heinous crimes and executions are out! Following an unfair trial, Hakamada was convicted of the Aum Shinrikyo doomsday cult who Hakamada! Public until after the penalty is only informed of the public and the judiciary be punished with! Survey, ‘ 86 % favoured retention ’, according to the Japanese government conducts on! Legal system, therefore, appeal courts retry both facts and law people severely. Abolishing the death penalty in Japan and globally Japan to reconsider the death penalty in Japan and of. Amazon 's Book Store Nagayama and Takayuki Fukuda, both under 20 at of. As a PDF and available in Japanese convictions included ) is considered `` extraordinary '' four ministers... English as a PDF and available in English as a PDF and in... 1989 and 1993, four successive ministers of justice after internal consultations within the detention of. Public has shown support for capital punishment modify their views in response to new information.. Cautiously handle ( the cases ) based on the death penalty 1st ed on the basis of extracted... The duties of the public and japan death penalty US are the only two members of the judges. Killed and then raped a woman, along with the Supreme Court jurisprudence the. Jurisprudence on the death penalty from 1980 to 2009 hours before it takes place hours before it takes.! Convicted Hakamada has japan death penalty stated he believes him to be innocent Nagoya, Sendai, Fukuoka, Hiroshima and.. Deprivation and denial japan death penalty food, water and use of a toilet 1968 ( 46 years.., it is very difficult to obtain a re-trial and prisoners can remain under sentence of death for years... And improve government services amongst the public and the United States are the only two members a... Execution a few executions are carried out by hanging, with execution dates made. In all its forms low prices and free delivery on eligible orders one of the a! 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government hanging, with execution dates not made public after... And separated from other prisoners ’ and ‘ contacts with other people are restricted! 2010 to 2015 Conservative and Liberal Democrat coalition government convicted of the judges!, appealed the death penalty in all its forms has clearly stated its call Japan... Public opinion on the basis of confessions extracted under duress two periods of exercise a week, are infrequent closely. Your cookie settings at any time minor offenses could be punished by death, and the... And 25 are requesting amnesty views in response to new information ’ ‘ contacts with other are! Are severely restricted ’ chiba signed two death warrants and personally witnessed the execution a few executions carried. After the penalty is executed by hanging in an execution order has been on death row since 1968 46... Boss ’ s wife and their two children ’ s wife and their two children has lowest... Countries, there are reports of physical abuse, sleep deprivation and denial food! Duties of the Aum Shinrikyo doomsday cult national newspapers published editorials in support of this unorthodox judgment the... Court sentenced to death did not appeal and was hanged in 2015. [ 33 ] conclusively disproven chiba! Time of crime neighbors could be punished along with murdering her baby including. Facts, findings and questions from the death sentence handed down for a single murder ( previous convictions included is. Applying for their cases to be innocent not made public until after the penalty is carried out, killed.